Basic Usage

Build and Deploy Nanos Unikernel

Running Golang hello world

  • Create a file called main.go with below content

    package main
    import "fmt"
    func main() {
    fmt.Println("Hello World!")
  • Build it

    $ GOOS=linux go build main.go
  • Package and deploy

    $ ops run main

    For more examples using Golang, visit our examples repository

Running PHP hello world

  • Create a file called ex.php with below content

  • Package and deploy

    $ ops load php_7.2.13 -a ex.php

Running a NodeJS script

  • Create a file called ex.js with below content

    console.log("Hello World!");
  • Package and deploy

    $ ops load node_v14.2.0 -a ex.js

    You should see "Hello World!" printed on your screen and then the ops command exits. For more examples using NodeJS, visit our examples repository

Run and Pass an Environment Variable

This can be done via the configuration file but if you want to dynamically inject without having to rely on the configuration file this is the way:

package main
import (
func main() {
fmt.Println("FOO:", os.Getenv("FOO"))
fmt.Println("BAR:", os.Getenv("BAR"))
for _, e := range os.Environ() {
pair := strings.SplitN(e, "=", 2)
GOOS=linux go build
ops run -e FOO=1 tea

Load vs Run

While both of these commands are used to execute code, there is a big difference when you would choose to run one rather than the other. For ops run, you would use this command to run compiled code (executable machine code). So, for example, any golang code that you may run, you'd use this command. Any code that is compiled at runtime, you would use ops load. An example of languages where you'd use this are nodejs or php. Each supported language for ops load, will have a corresponding package. To see a list of available packages, run ops pkg list.

Nightly vs. Main

Right now we have 2 release channels. If you run ops as is you are tracking the main release channel. There is no update frequency associated with it just whenever we deem significant work has been done and we aren't horribly breaking anything.

The other channel you can track is the nightly channel. This is populated every night via the build system with whatever is in master. So if you want bleeding edge you can utilize that.

The magic incantation for tracking this channel is simply to switch the -n or --nightly flag on.

For example:

$ ops -n run main

If there are already cached images you can use the --force or -f flag to replace them with the lastest images from a given channel. For example, the following command will both track the nightly channel and replace any cached images with the lastest from that channel:

$ ops -nf run main